|⇦|| Episode #610 - From Enclosure to Privatization
(Luddism, Magna Carta and Debt in The Middle Ages)
|⌚ Sat 30 June 2012 ☻Peter Linebaugh, Aiyanas Ormond, David Graeber (Reading)|
Download Hour1 Download Hour2 This week, we start with Peter Linebaugh on Luddism and the multifaceted enclosure movement in UK. Then, a report on prison privatization in Canada. We conclude by starting chapter 10 of David Graeber's Debt, The First 5000 Years on the decline of the Axial age empires and social systems in India and China.
We then hear a short interview with Aiyanas Ormond by Vancouver's Redeye on the increasing privatization of prisons in Canada. As we hear, the profits of a few corporations rely on prisons are increasingly occupied by the poor. About 25% of the charges laid in Canada are there for 'administration of justice' crimes - charges related largely to the difficulty the poor have in navigating the legal system.We conclude by starting chapter 10 of David Graeber's Debt, The First 5000 Years, on the Middle Ages (600-1450 AD). As Graeber reminds us, the Middle Ages didn't happen only in Western Europe. Indeed, Europe in many ways was no more than a marginal outpost of the increasingly defunct Roman Empire. Focusing on the collapsing Axial age institutions, he looks at how finance changed as coins were taken out of circulation and melted down for inclusion in the treasuries of the religious institutions. How and why did the mercantile and Confucianist influenced Buddhism survive in China while Buddhism in India collapsed completely? How did social structures change when coinage was taken out of circulation? And why were peasant revolts in China so frequent -- there were years in which they averaged several revolts per hour?
Thanks to C.S. Soong of Against The Grain for the Peter Linebaugh interview and Redeye for the piece on privatization of prisons
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